National Statistics Day:Birth Anniversary of the Father of Modern Statistics in India


National Statistics Day is celebrated on the birth anniversary of Prof. P C Mahalanobis, on 29th June, to recognize his invaluable contribution in establishing the National Statistical System. This day is celebrated to popularize the use and the role of Statistics in everyday life.

Born in Bengal on June 29, 1893, Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis was an Indian Bengali scientist and applied statistician. He is well known for the Mahalanobis distance, a statistical measure. He was one of the members of the first Planning Commission of free India. He founded the Indian Statistical Institute at Kolkata in 1931 for research and training in Statistics and contributed to the designs of large scale sample surveys. For his all contributions, he is known as the father of modern statistics in India. In 2006, the Government of India decided to celebrate his birth anniversary as the National Statistical Day.

This day is celebrated with a theme of current national importance. The theme for the year 2019  is “Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)”. This theme has been selected for encouraging focused discussions to improve the quality of SDG, a comprehensive framework for global development.

A series of events are planned across the country to mark the occasion. The main event is held on June 29, 2019, at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi, chaired by Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation and Ministry of Planning, Rao Inderjit Singh. This event is jointly organized by the Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation (MoSPI) and Indian Statistical Institute.

On this occasion, the Government will release the handbook of National Indicator Framework (NIF), developed by Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation (MoSPI), to measure the progress of the 'Sustainable Development Goals' and associated targets at the national level.


Last year in 2018, On the occasion of his 125th birth anniversary, Indian Vice-President M Venkaiah Naidu released a commemorative coin at a program at ISI, Kolkata.

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