World Malaria Day 2019 : Be ready to beat Malaria

World Malaria Day 2019 theme hosted by World Health Organization (WHO) is 'Zero Malaria starts with me'.

According to the article in the United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund(UNICEF) website, Malaria kills one child every 30 seconds, about 3000 children every day. An estimated 300-600 million people suffer from malaria every year. More than one million people die because of malaria every year, among them are mostly the children's under five years of age.

April 25 is observed as 'World Malaria Day' around the globe to spread awareness about Malaria. It also aims to support the mission to fight and control this preventable and curable disease. This day was started in May 2007 by the 60th session of WHO's decision making body, World Health Assembly. Before the start of World Malaria Day, April 25 was celebrated as African Malaria Day.

Malaria is a infectious mosquito-borne blood disease caused by the parasites. These parasites are transmitted to the humans through the bite of infected female Anopheles mosquito. This disease is preventable and curable. Its initial symptoms includes fever, headache, tiredness, vomit. If not detected, in severe case can cause yellow skin, coma or death. The symptoms are visible usually 10-15 days after the infected mosquito bites.

Malaria can be prevented by using mosquito nets, waering clothes that cover the entire body, mosquito repellents, measures to control mosquitoes, medications, etc. Malaria can be disgnosed by the blood examination. If diagnosed early, it can be treated with antimalarial medications.

Anyone who experiences any of the mentioned symptoms should consult the doctor immediately. Prevention of Malaria is possible by sharing the knowledge among the people.

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