April 02# Light it Up Blue: Do you know about World Autism Awareness Day?



April 02 is recognized as World Autism Awareness Day internationally to spread awareness regarding the people with Autism Spectrum Disorder(ASD) all over the world. The Member States of the United Nation(UN) takes part in this initiative which was proposed by the United Nations representative from Qatar. This day is one of the seven official health-specific UN Days.

Every year this day is marked with a specific theme. This year, in 2019, this day has focused on the theme 'Assistive Technologies and Active Participation'. Blue color with a campaign 'Light It Up Blue' is dedicated for raising the awareness for Autism. The world turns blue in honor of World Autism Day.

What is Autism?

Autism is a neurological and developmental disorder that affects communication and behavior. As this disorder has a range of symptoms, this is also known as Autism Spectrum Disorder(ASD).  It also affects the speech and non-verbal communication of the person with ASD. This gets developed in early childhood and lasts throughout the person's life. This is more commonly seen in boys than in girls.

Statistics

According to the Autism Society, nearly 1 percent of the world population has ASD. In the United States, 1 of 59 children has ASD. According to the Centre for Disease Control and Prevention(CDC), the number of people with ASD has increased by 6-15 percent from 2002-2010.

Symptoms of Autism

A person with ASD may face problem while talking to others, cannot make eye contact while communication. They might have restricted or limited interest. They may repeat the same sentence again and again. They are most oftenly seen in their own world with their own thoughts. According to the American Autism Association, these symptoms can occur before three years of age. Some people show symptoms from birth while others may develop as they grow older.

Causes and Treatment

The exact cause of Autism is not clear. Some researchers guess that autism is caused by some combination of genes. However, research suggests that it may cause due to the abnormalities in the brain that process the sensory input. Currently, there is no standard treatment for ASD. Basic treatment is given to the person with ASD depending on the symptoms.

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